Uniform Schengen Visa Vs. Schengen National Visa

Updated on Friday 13th September 2019

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Uniform Schengen Visa Vs. Schengen National Visa Image
Foreign citizens who want to immigrate to Italy are often interested in obtaining access to other European countries too, case in which the Schengen visa is one of the most sought types of visas. As a member state of the European Union and Schengen area, Italy has aligned its immigration legislation in a manner in which those who obtain permanent residency here to benefit from the free travel advantages offered by a Schengen visa.

Below, our immigration lawyers in Italy explain the main differences between the uniform Schengen visa and the Schengen national visa. We remind foreign citizens that only non-EU residents are required to apply for a visa when immigrating to Italy, case in which we can be of help.
 

Italy as a Schengen area member state


Italy is a member of the Schengen area which means that Italian citizens can travel freely to other member states, while the citizens of other Schengen countries are allowed to enter Italy without a visa. For citizens of European countries outside the Schengen area, certain visa requirements apply when coming to Italy for work purposes, for example.

Citizens of countries outside the EU and the Schengen area are required to apply for a uniform Schengen visa if they want to transit Italy or stay here for no more than 90 days, or for a national Schengen visa if they want to settle in Italy for periods longer than 90 days.

You can ask our immigration lawyers in Italy about the main differences between the uniform Schengen visa and the Schengen national visa.       
                                                                                                                   

The uniform Schengen visa for Italy


The uniform Schengen visa is required when a person from another state wants to live in a Schengen area member country for a limited period of time or when transiting the Schengen area to other destinations. There are three types of uniform Schengen visas one can apply for in Italy:
 
  • the single-entry visa which is issued once upon the entry of a person from a non-Schengen country (once the respective citizen exists the country, the visa automatically expires);
  • the double-entry visa which expires after the second entry and exit of a citizen of a non-Schengen area state;
  • the multiple-entry visa which is issued for those who to stay for short periods of time in a Schengen country.

Our lawyers can help those who need to apply for a uniform Schengen visa in Italy.
 

The national Schengen visa in Italy


Apart from the uniform Schengen visa, there is also the national Schengen visa which needs to be obtained by the following categories of persons:
 
The national Schengen visa can also be issued for multiple entries in Italy.

It is good to know that a student visa can be converted into a work visa for Italy. This is the only type of permit which can be converted in Italy.

You can obtain more information on the national Schengen visa from our immigration lawyers in Italy. You can also read about Schengen visas here.
 

Brief comparison between the uniform and national Schengen visa


Foreign citizens interested in coming to Italy based on a Schengen visa and who do not know whether to apply for a uniform or a national visa should know that:
 
  1. the uniform visa is more suitable for very short periods of stay and for transit purposes;
  2. the national visa allows a foreign citizen to live in Italy for longer periods of time;
  3. the national visa can be issued for long periods of time which enables a person to live in Italy for up to 3 months;
  4. the uniform visa requires a person to reapply for a visa once he or she exited Italy if one wants to enter the country again;
  5. it is possible to apply for a multiple-entry national Schengen visa (especially in the case of artists and sportspeople).

Based on your needs, our Italian immigration lawyers can recommend the best suited Schengen visa.
 

Why should you apply for a Schengen visa?


Even if Italy has its own residence permits which also comes with many benefits, the Schengen visa is more appropriate for those who need to enter and exit Italy in short periods of time. It is good to know that:
 
  • many Schengen visa applicants are foreign students interested in studying in 4 of the world’s oldest universities in Italy;
  • foreign students of an Italian university must be part of a 1-year educational program in order to be granted a Schengen visa;
  • in 2017, most of the immigrants from the non-EU and Schengen area were from Nigeria (17,100 immigrants);
  • with the multiple-entry national visa, a person can live in Italy for 3 months within a period of 6 months.

For complete information on the uniform Schengen visa and the Schengen national visa, feel free to contact our immigration lawyers in Italy.